New Lease Accounting Statement Makes Its Debut at State Colleges and Universities
By Joseph N. Russell, CPA, Partner
With the implementation of Statement No. 87 of the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB 87) — Leases — on the horizon, many state colleges and universities are assessing its impact and looking to implement procedures to identify all leases and contracts to which the new lease Statement will apply. Although the new standard is not effective until reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, many institutions are taking a campus-wide inventory of all contracts and leases in order to evaluate whether they meet the criteria of a lease as defined in the Statement.
As defined in GASB 87, a lease is:
“a contract that conveys control of the right to use another entity’s nonfinancial asset as specified in the contract for a period of time in an exchange or exchange-like transaction.”
Thus, while state colleges and universities may be able to readily identify capital and operating leases as currently presented in their financial statements, it is important to note that any contract that contains the characteristics defined will be subject to the provisions of GASB 87.
At inception, both lessees and lessors will measure and recognize leases at their respective values on the Statement of Net Position at the beginning of the period of implementation. Lessees will recognize a liability and corresponding intangible right-to-use lease asset. Lessors will recognize a lease receivable and a deferred inflow of resources.
In subsequent years, lessees will amortize the intangible asset over the shorter of its useful life or the lease term while the liability will be reduced by lease payments less interest expense. Lessors will depreciate leased assets in accordance with their capitalization policies and will reduce receivables by the lease payments received. In addition, lessors will recognize revenue over the lease term thereby reducing the deferred inflow of resources.
In recent years, accounting governing bodies have sought to establish a single standard for the reporting of lease transactions. At the same time as the need for financing alternatives evolves, lease transactions continue to grow in complexity. Subleases, leaseback transactions, contracts with multiple components, lease modifications and terminations are all addressed in the Statement but will require significant evaluation and consideration by college and university personnel to be able to identify, measure and record these right-to-use assets on the financial statements of the institution.
We recommend that representatives from each state college and university reach out to their auditors to begin the process of developing procedures to identify all leases and contracts to which the GASB 87 may apply and plan for future implementation.
The requirements of GASB 87 are effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early application of the provisions of the Statement are permitted.
If you have any questions regarding GASB 87 and its impact on your institution, please contact your
PKF O’Connor Davies engagement partner or Joseph N. Russell, CPA, Partner, Higher Education Practice at firstname.lastname@example.org or 551-249-1155.